Budesonide nasal spray is used to prevent, or ease, rhinitis. This is a condition where the inside of your nose becomes inflamed and irritated. Common symptoms include sneezing, a blocked or congested nose, a runny nose (watery discharge), and an itchy nose. It is commonly caused by allergies, such as hay fever. Budesonide belongs to a group of medicines called corticosteroids. It reduces inflammation and swelling and so relieves the congestion, itching, sneezing, irritation and discomfort of rhinitis. Budesonide nasal spray is prescribable by a doctor. You can also buy smaller packs at a pharmacy, without a prescription, for the treatment of hay fever.
Budesonide nasal spray is also prescribed as a treatment for nasal polyps. Polyps are small growths inside the nose that can cause symptoms similar to allergic rhinitis.
Read the manufacturer's instructions to make sure you know how to work the spray.
Shake the bottle gently and remove the cap. (Before you use the spray for the first time, activate the spray a few times until you can see a fine mist in the air.)
Blow your nose gently to clear it.
Close one nostril by placing a finger against one side of your nose. Then, using your other hand, put one finger on each side of the nozzle of the bottle and insert the nozzle into your open nostril. Try to keep the bottle upright as you do this.
Breathe in through your nose as you activate the spray. Then remove the nozzle from your nostril and breathe out through your mouth. Repeat if you are using two sprays for each dose.
Repeat the step above in your other nostril.
Wipe the nozzle with a clean tissue and replace the cap. (If the nozzle becomes blocked, you can remove it from the bottle and rinse it under warm water.)
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. The table below contains some of the most common ones associated with budesonide nasal spray. You will find a full list in the manufacturer's information leaflet inside your pack. The unwanted effects often improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following continue or become troublesome.
Common budesonide nasal spray side-effects (these affect less than 1 in 10 people)
- Slight bleeding from the nose, sneezing, irritation - If any become troublesome, let your doctor know. An alternative preparation may be more suitable for you
Some medicines are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start using budesonide, it is important that your doctor or pharmacist knows:
- If you have an infection in your nose.
- If you have recently had any surgery on your nose.
- If you have tuberculosis (TB).
- If you are pregnant. This is because, while you are expecting a baby, you should only take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
- If it is intended for a child. Budesonide is suitable for children over the age of 12, but only if it has been prescribed by a doctor.
- If you are taking or using other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, as well as herbal and complementary medicines.
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to a medicine.
The patient information leaflet (PIL) is a leaflet containing specific information about medical conditions, doses and side effects. You can download a copy of the PIL here:
Patient Info Leaflet